Common nameSpeciesGroupLast recorded sightingRange CountriesRed List Status
-Aaadonta angauranaGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
-Aaadonta kinlochiGastropod2003 (dead)PalauCR(PE)
-Aaadonta pelewanaGastropod?PalauCR(PE)
Long-spine BreamAcanthobrama centisquama Fishearly 20th centurySyria, TurkeyCR(PE)
Damascus BreamAcanthobrama tricolor Fishearly 1980sSyriaCR(PE)
Morogoro Pretty GrasshopperAcanthothericles bicoloripes Insect1939TanzaniaCR(PE)
Uluguru Slender GrasshopperAcanthoxia aculeusInsect?TanzaniaEN
Larson's Pipehorse, Helen's Pygmy PipehorseAcentronura larsonaeFish1984AustraliaDD
Puglia House-cricketAcheta gossypiiInsect1855ItalyDD
Mt. Coke False ShieldbackAcilacris furcatusInsect1965South AfricaCR
Yangtze SturgeonAcipenser dabryanus Fish?ChinaCR(PE)
Adriatic SturgeonAcipenser naccarii Fish?Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, SerbiaCR(PE)
Usambara Slant-faced GrasshopperAcrida baraInsect?TanzaniaVU
Staghorn coralAcropora cervicornisCoral1997-98TanzaniaCE
Fused staghorn coralAcropora proliferaCoral1997-98TanzaniaNE
-Acropora surculosaCoral1954Republic of the Marshall IslandsNE
Usambara Burrowing GrasshopperAcrotylus apicalisInsect?TanzaniaVU
South-East African Burrowing GrasshopperAcrotylus mossambicusInsect?Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe 
Pendant kihifernAdenophorus periensPolypodiopsida/ Pteridopsida2014United StatesCR(PE)
Duck-billed buntingiAdrianichthys kruytiFish1983SulawesiCR
-Aechmea cymosopaniculataLiliopsida1856VenezuelaCR(PE)
-Aeranthes albidifloraLiliopsida1959MadagascarCR(PE)
-Aeschynomene ruspolianaMagnoliopsida1893EthiopiaCR(PE)
-Aetheolaena hypoleucaMagnoliopsida1851EcuadorCR(PE)
-Aetheolaena ledifoliaEquisetopsidaearly 19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Aetheolaena pichinchensisMagnoliopsida1864EcuadorCR(PE)
Afzeli's CrabAfrithelphusa afzeliiMalacostraca1790-1800Sierra LeoneDD
Gerhilda's CrabAfrithelphusa gerhildae Malacostraca1957GuineaDD
Sierra Leone CrabAfrithelphusa leonensisMalacostraca1955Sierra LeoneDD
Schneider's Banana FrogAfrixalus schneideriAmphibian1889CameroonDD
-Afrogarypus seychellesensisArachnid1940SeychellesCR(PE)
-Agelanthus rondensisMagnoliopsida1903TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Agriocnemis merinaInsect1958MadagascarNE
Dusky Sea Snake, Timor Reef SnakeAipysurus fuscusReptile?AustraliaEN
Zanzibar Giant Forest GrasshopperAllaga ambigua Insect1898ZanzibarCR(PE)
-Alnus henryiMagnoliopsida1916ChinaCR(PE)
Thracian shadAlosa vistonicaFish?GreeceCR(PE)
Osgood's Ethiopian ToadAltiphrynoides osgoodi Amphibian2003EthiopiaCR(PE)
-Alzoniella galaicaGastropod?SpainCR(PE)
Dwarf Clown LoachAmbastaia sidthimunkiFish1990ThailandEN
Spined Dwarf MantisAmeles fasciipennis Insectabout 1871ItalyCR(PE)
Ivory Coast ToadAmietophrynus danielaeAmphibian1977?Côte d'IvoireDD
Perret's Toad"Amietophrynus perreti"Amphibian1970NigeriaVU
-Amolops jausariAmphibian1985IndiaDD
-Amolops mengyangensisAmphibian1957ChinaLC
-Amorphostigma auricolorInsect1925SamoaDD
-Amphilophus lyonsiFish1984Costa Rica, PanamaNE
-Amsinckia marginataMagnoliopsidaearly 20th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Anabarilius qiluensisFishearly 1980sChinaCR(PE)
-Anabarilius yangzonensisFish?ChinaCR(PE)
-Anaglyptys croesusInsect1978Turkey DD
-Anax mandrakaeInsect1968MadagascarNE
Atlantic click beetleAnchastus atlanticusInsect1970Saint HelenaNE
Collins' Poison FrogAndinobates abditus Amphibian?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Andinophryne colomaiAmphibian1984EcuadorCR
-Andrena labiatulaInsect1963UkraineCR(PE)
-Andropogon benthamianusLiliopsida1841-43EcuadorCR(PE)
Tall thimbleweedAnemone virginianaMagnoliopsida United States, CanadaNE
-Angraecum imerinenseOrchidaceaebefore 1957MadagascarNE
-Angraecum mahavavenseLiliopsida1932MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum muscicolumLiliopsida1925MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum perhumileLiliopsida1925MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum potamophilumLiliopsida1898MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum rigidifoliumLiliopsida1925MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum rubellumLiliopsida1963MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum serpensLiliopsida1942MadagascarCR(PE)
-Angraecum sterrophyllumLiliopsida1913MadagascarCR(PE)
Usambara Splendid GrasshopperAnischnansis burttiInsect1966TanzaniaCR
Sri Lankan ClubtailAnisogomphus ceylonicusInsect1962Sri LankaCR
-Anisogomphus solitarisInsect1970sSri LankaCR(PE)
-Anisopappus burundiensisMagnoliopsida1967BurundiCR(PE)
Giant AnoleAnolis rooseveltiReptile1932Puerto Rico, British Virgin Islands, U.S. Virgin IslandsCR(PE)
Southern Alpine Bush-cricketAnonconotus apenninigenusInsect1881ItalyCR
Siamese Steam ToadAnsonia siamensisAmphibian1998ThailandVU
Spotted ant-like beetleAnthicodes maculatusInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
-Aphyolebias claudiaeFish2003BoliviaCR(PE)
Giant ground beetleAplothorax burchellii Insect1967Saint HelenaNE
-Aponogeton cordatusAponogetonaceae1912MadagascarNE
Chestnut-brown ground beetleApteromimus platyderoidesInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Wollaston's ground beetleApteromimus wollastoniInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Mancos columbineAquilegia micranthaMagnoliopsida1892United StatesNE
Admirable False Brook SalamanderAquiloeurycea praecellens Amphibian?MexicoCR(PE)
-Araneus hortensisArachnid1859PortugalNE
Tonkinese Giant DemoiselleArchineura maximaInsect1901Viet NamCR (assessed under its former name combination Echo maxima).
Low silverbushArgythamnia humilisMagnoliopsida1996United StatesNE
Skunk FrogAromobates nocturnusAmphibian1991Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
-Artemisia kauaiensisMagnoliopsida2006United StatesCR(PE)
Du Toit's Torrent FrogArthroleptides dutoiti Amphibian1962Kenya, UgandaCR(PE)
Overlooked Squeaker FrogArthroleptis kutogundua Amphibian1930TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Asperula friabilisDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Aspidostemon inconspicuumLauraceae1955MadagascarCR
LongotraAspidostemon inconspicuus Polypodiopsida1955MadagascarCR(PE)
-Aspidostemon manongarivenseLauraceae1954MadagascarNE
-Aspidostemon occultumLauraceae1969MadagascarNE
-Aspidostemon synandraLauraceae1955MadagascarCR
-Aster quitensisMagnoliopsida1820sEcuadorCR(PE)
American milkvetchAstragalus americanusMagnoliopsida1862United States, CanadaNE
-Astragalus doliusDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Astragalus ecbatanusDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Astragalus gillettiiDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Astragalus leucoptilus Dicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Astragalus procerusDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Astragalus pseudofragransDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Astragalus pushtashanicusDicotyledonae?IraqNE
Robbin's milk-vetchAstragalus robbinsiiMagnoliopsida1893United States, CanadaNE
-Astragalus zoharyiDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Atelopus ardilaAmphibian1989ColombiaCR(PE)
Rio Carauta Stubfoot ToadAtelopus carautaAmphibian1973ColombiaCR
Yellow Frog of CarboneraAtelopus carbonerensisAmphibian1995VenezuelaCR
Lewis' Stubfoot ToadAtelopus chiriquiensis AmphibianLate 1990sCosta Rica, PanamaCR(PE)
-Atelopus chirripoensisAmphibian1980Costa RicaCR(PE)
Choco Harlequin frogAtelopus chocoensisAmphibian1998ColombiaCR
-Atelopus chrysocorallusAmphibian1988Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
-Atelopus dimorphusAmphibian1980PeruEN
-Atelopus eusebiodiaziAmphibian1997PeruCR(PE)
-Atelopus famelicusAmphibian1993ColombiaCR(PE)
Forest Stubfoot ToadAtelopus farciAmphibian1992ColombiaCR
Antado Stubfoot ToadAtelopus galactogasterAmphibian1990sColombiaCR
Puca SapoAtelopus guanujoAmphibian1988EcuadorCR(PE)
Morona-Santiago Stubfoot ToadAtelopus halihelos Amphibian1984EcuadorCR(PE)
Jambato ToadAtelopus ignescensAmphibian1988EcuadorEX
El Tambo stubfoot toadAtelopus longibrachiusAmphibian1990ColombiaEN
Longnose Stubfoot ToadAtelopus longirostrisAmphibian1989EcuadorEX
Lynch's Glassfrog, Lynch's Stubfoot ToadAtelopus lozanoiAmphibian1993ColombiaCR
-Atelopus lynchiAmphibian1984EcuadorCR(PE)
-Atelopus mandiguesAmphibian1992ColombiaCR
Mindo Stubfoot ToadAtelopus mindoensis Amphibian1989EcuadorCR(PE)
Colombian Stubfoot ToadAtelopus minutulusAmphibian1985ColombiaCR
La Arboleda Stubfoot ToadAtelopus muisca Amphibian1996ColombiaCR(PE)
-Atelopus onoreiAmphibian1990EcuadorCR(PE)
Rednose Stubfoot ToadAtelopus oxyrhynchus Amphibian1994Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
Schmidt's Stubfoot ToadAtelopus pachydermus Amphibian1995Colombia, Ecuador, PeruCR(PE)
-Atelopus pastusoAmphibian1993Colombia, EcuadorCR(PE)
Peru Stubfoot ToadAtelopus peruensis Amphibian?PeruCR(PE)
-Atelopus petersiAmphibian1996EcuadorCR(PE)
Pinango Stubfoot ToadAtelopus pinangoi Amphibian1997Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
Flat-spined AtelopusAtelopus planispina Amphibian1985EcuadorCR(PE)
-Atelopus podocarpusAmphibian1994Ecuador, PeruCR(PE)
Pass Stubfoot ToadAtelopus senexAmphibian1980sCosta RicaCR
-Atelopus sernaiAmphibian2000ColombiaCR(PE)
-Atelopus simulatusAmphibian2003ColombiaCR(PE)
-Atelopus sonsonensisAmphibian1996ColombiaCR
Scarlet Harlequin FrogAtelopus sorianoi Amphibian1990Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
-Atelopus vogliAmphibian1957VenezuelaEX
Panamanian Golden Frog"Atelopus zeteki
"Amphibian2007PanamaCR
Sonson FrogAtopophrynus syntomopusAmphibian1980ColombiaCR
Gussone's Maltese Sea OracheAtriplex halimusMagnoliopsida1875MaltaNE
Zaglossus attenboroughiAttenborough's Long-beaked EchidnaMammal1961 CR
-Atya brachyrhinusMalacostraca1972BarbadosPE(CR)
Wembere GrasshopperAulacobothrus popoviInsect?Tanzania 
-Axyronotus cantralliInsect1962MexicoNE
Galápagos DamselAzurina eupalama Fish1980sEcuadorCR(PE)
Moluccan BabirusaBabirusa babyrousaMammalNo known sightings - just specimensIndonesiaVU
-Baccharis fuscaMagnoliopsida1850sEcuadorCR(PE)
Siamese Bala-sharkBalantiocheilos ambusticauda Fish1980ThailandCR(PE)
-Balta crassivenosaInsect1908SeychellesCR(PE)
-Barbodes micropsFish1860sJavaNE
-Barbodes pachycheilusFish1921PhilippinesCR
-Barbonymus platysomaFish1855JavaNE
-Beauprea penariensisAngiosperm1872New CaledoniaNE
-Beddomeia tumidaGastropodBefore 1889AustraliaCR(PE)
-Bedotia marojejyFish1999MadagascasrVU - EW according to Paul Loiselle
-Bedotia sp. NamoronaFish2001MadagascarNE
-Belgrandia moitessieriGastropod?FranceCR(PE)
-Belgrandia varicaGastropod1870FranceCR(PE)
-Belgrandiella boetersiGastropod?AustriaCR(PE)
-Belgrandiella cavernicaGastropod1957TurkeyCR(PE)
-Belgrandiella kreisslorumGastropod1981AustriaCR(PE)
-Belgrandiella multiformisGastropod?AustriaCR(PE)
-Belisarius ibericusArachnid1952SpainNE
-Bellevalia parvaMonocotyledonae?IraqNE
-Bembidion derelictusInsect1926AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
-Benthamia nigro-vaginataLiliopsida1926MadagascarCR(PE)
-Betula gynoterminalisMagnoliopsida1956ChinaCR(PE)
-Biantes parvulusArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
Galápagos StringweedBifurcaria galapagensis Protist1983EcuadorCR(PE)
Namdapha flying squirrel Biswamoyopterus biswasiMammal1981IndiaCR
-Blotiella coriaceaPolypodiopsida1971TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Bocquillonia arboreaAngiosperm1977New CaledoniaEN
-Bokermannohyla izecksohniAmphibian?BrazilCR(PE)
Guerran Climbing SalamanderBolitoglossa hermosaAmphibian1977MexicoNT
Jackson's Climbing SalamanderBolitoglossa jacksoniAmphibian1975GuatemalaDD
Round Island Burrowing BoaBolyeria multocarinataReptile1996MauritiusEX
-Bombus fedtschenkoiInsect1930TajikistanNE
-Bombus melanopodaInsect1880SumateraNE
-Bombus rubriventrisInsect1835BrazilCR(PE)
KoupreyBos sauveliMammal1969/70Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Viet NamCR(PE)
-Bradycellus chavesiInsect1918AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
OluluBrighamia insignis Magnoliopsida2014United StatesCR(PEW)
Greater Bromeliad TreefrogBromeliohyla dendroscartaAmphibian1974MexicoCR(PE)
-Brookesia dentataReptile1900MadagascarEN
Fito Leaf Chameleon Brookesia lambertoniReptile1921MadagascarDD
-Brunoniella neocaledonicaMagnoliopsida1968New CaledoniaCR
Tiete tetraBrycon acuminatusFish1911BrazilDD
Offshore PipefishBryx veleronisFish1938Ecuador, Mexico, Costa Rica, Colombia, PanamaDD
-Bulbonaricus bruceiFish1971TanzaniaDD
-Bulbophyllum erythroglossumLiliopsida1964MadagascarCR(PE)
Leopard Spotted BulbophyllumBulbophyllum hirsutiusculumLiliopsida1928MadagascarCR(PE)
-Bulbophyllum minaxLiliopsida1919MadagascarCR(PE)
-Bulbophyllum sanguineumLiliopsida1925MadagascarCR(PE)
-Bulbophyllum tampoketsenseLiliopsida1923MadagascarCR(PE)
-Bulbophyllum zaratananaeLiliopsida1924MadagascarCR(PE)
-Bulimulus achatellinusGastropod1980sEcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus adelphusGastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus deridderiGastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus duncanusGastropodBefore 1893EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus eosGastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus lycodusGastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus saeroniusGastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus sp. nov. 'krameri'Gastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus sp. nov. 'nilsodhneri'Gastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus sp. nov. 'tuideroyi'Gastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus sp. nov. 'vanmoli'Gastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Bulimulus tanneriGastropod?EcuadorCR(PE)
-Buxus capuroniiBuxaceae1965MadagascarNE
-Bythinella eutrephaGastropod?FranceCR(PE)
-Bythiospeum dubiumGastropod?GermanyCR(PE)
-Bythiospeum gonostomaGastropod?GermanyCR(PE)
-Bythiospeum puteiGastropod1961GermanyCR(PE)
-Bythiospeum turritumGastropod?GermanyCR(PE)
Haditha CavefishCaecocypris basimi Fish1983IraqCR(PE)
Prakke's Reed SnakeCalamaria prakkei Reptile?MalaysiaCR(PE)
-Calathus extensicollisInsect1863AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
-Calathus vicenteorumInsect1939AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
Somali golden moleCalcochloris tytonisMammal1964SomaliaDD
-Calicnemis fortis 1Insect2007PakistanNE
-Calicnemis fortis 2Insect2005Pakistan, IndiaDD
-Callerya neocaledonicaMagnoliopsida1992New CaledoniaCR(PE)
African Painted FrogCallixalus pictusAmphibian1950Democratic Republic of Congo, RwandaVU
-Cambarellus alvareziMalacostraca1952MexicoEX
-Cambarellus areolatusMalacostraca?MexicoPE(CR)
-Cambarellus chihuahuaeMalacostraca1980MexicoEX
-Cambaroides koshewnikowiMalacostraca?SiberiaNE
White Spring Cave CrayfishCambarus veitchorum Malacostraca1968United StatesPE(CR)
Marsh bellflowerCampanula aparinoidesMagnoliopsida1996United States, CanadaNE
Imperial WoodpeckerCampephilus imperialisBird1956MexicoCR(PE)
Ivory-billed woodpeckerCampephilus principalisBird1944United States, CubaCR
Gale's PipefishCampichthys galeiFish1986AustraliaLC
-Campichthys nanusFish1956?MozambiqueDD
-Canarinus demaisoniInsect1920SpainNE
-Canarium trifoliolatumAngiosperm1872New CaledoniaNE
-Canavalia veilloniiMagnoliopsida1990New CaledoniaCR(PE)
-Cantuaria abditaArachnid1955New ZealandNE
Lesser Saint Croix SkinkCapitellum parvicruzae Reptile?U.S. Virgin IslandsCR(PE)
Garrido's HutiaCapromys garridoiMammal1989CubaCR(PE)
Pondicherry SharkCarcharhinus hemiodon Fish1979China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Oman, PakistanCR(PE)
-Caridina apodosisMalacostraca1944Hong KongPE(CR)
-Caridina yilongMalacostraca1983ChinaPE(CR)
Tabora GrasshopperCatantops tanganusInsect?Tanzania 
Giant Hispaniolan GalliwaspCelestus anelpistus ReptilePossibly 2004Dominican RepublicCR(PE)
Pichincha Giant Glass FrogCentrolene heloderma Amphibian1996Colombia, EcuadorCR(PE)
-Centropogon brachysiphoniatusMagnoliopsidabefore 1935EcuadorCR(PE)
-Cerambyx paludivagusInsect1946AlgeriaDD
-Ceratinopsis acripesArachnid1962PortugalNE
-Ceratophysella sp. nov. 'HC'Wingless Anthropods2006Viet NamCR(PE)
-Cereus estevesiiMagnoliopsida2002BrazilCR(PEW)
-Cereus estevesiiMagnoliopsida2002BrazilCR
-Ceriagrion madagazureumInsect1947MadagascarDD
-Ceriagrion oblongulumInsect1943MadagascarDD
-Chamaeleon grandidieriReptile1900MadagascarNo
-Chamaeleon monocerasReptile1913MadagascarNE
Voeltzkowi's ChameleonChamaeleon voeltzkowiReptile1913MadagascarNE
Yellow-bellied Voiceless TreefrogCharadrahyla altipotens Amphibian1960sMexicoCR(PE)
Spine-fingered TreefrogCharadrahyla trux Amphibian?MexicoCR(PE)
Kuchling's Snake-necked Turtle Chelodina kuchlingiReptile?AustraliaNE
Fernandina Galapagos TortoiseChelonoidis phantasticaReptile1960EcuadorEX
Cape Verde Giant SkinkChioninia cocteiReptile1912Cape Verde islandsEX
Hornbill Bubble-nest Frog, Shyamrup's Bush FrogChiromantis shyamrupusAmphibian1983IndiaDD
Congo Red JewelChlorocypha ghesquiereiInsect1935The Democratic Republic of Congo, CongoDD
-Chlorocypha granataInsect1935The Democratic Republic of CongoNE
Togo Red JewelChlorocypha jejunaInsect1895TogoCR
Muiron Islands PipefishChoeroichthys latispinosusFish1994AustraliaDD
Ufipa Flightless Forest GrasshopperChromochokwea fitzgeraldiInsect1952TanzaniaVU
Morogoro Monkey GrasshopperChromomastax movogovodia Insect1934TanzaniaCR(PE)
Mpwapwa Silent GrasshopperChromousambilla burtti Insect1947TanzaniaCR(PE)
Visagie's golden moleChrysochloris visagiei (incertae sedis)MammalOnly one specimenSouth AfricaDD
Lily-of-the-valley-treeClethra arboreaMagnoliopsida?PortugalLC
-Clitoria andreiMagnoliopsida1876EcuadorCR(PE)
-Clytus peyroniInsect1899LebanonDD
Diyarbakir Spined LoachCobitis kellei Fish1974TurkeyCR(PE)
-Cochranella geijskesiAmphibian1966SurinameDD
-Coeliccia vaccaInsect2005PakistanDD
Quito Rocket FrogColostethus jacobuspetersiAmphibian1960sEcuadorCR(PE)
-Coneuplecta turritaGastropod1936SeychellesCR(PE)
Grebenchikov's Cone-headConocephalus grebenchikoviInsect1938GreeceDD
Caribbean Tree CactusConsolea falcataMagnoliopsida?HaitiCR
-Contomastix vittataReptile?BoliviaCR(PE)
-Conturbatia crenataGastropod2000SeychellesCR(PE)
-Conus lugubrisGastropod1980sCape VerdeCR
Cropan's BoaCorallus cropaniiReptile2003BrazilEN
-Coregonis bezolaFishlate 1800sFranceEX
-Coregonus hoferiFish1980sGermanyCR(PE)
Shortnose CiscoCoregonus reighardi Fish1985Canada, United StatesCR(PE)
Ball's PipefishCosmocampus balliFish1993United StatesVU
Back-finned PipefishCosmocampus retropinnisFish1993Gambia, Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal, SpainDD
-Costus vinosusLiliopsida2004PanamaCR(PEW)
Watergrass ButtonCotula myriophylloidesMagnoliopsida1971South AfricaCR(PE)
Water pygmyweedCrassula aquaticaMagnoliopsida1906United States, CanadaDD
Ide's hawthornCrataegus ideaeMagnoliopsida1904United StatesNE
Kennedy's hawthornCrataegus kennedyiMagnoliopsida1906United StatesNE
Pea hawthorneCrataegus pisiferaMagnoliopsida1904United StatesNE
Shaded hawthornCrataegus umbratilisMagnoliopsida1905United StatesNE
Ilin bushy-tailed cloud ratCrateromys paulusMammal1953PhilippinesDD
Corquin Robber FrogCraugastor anciano Amphibian?HondurasCR(PE)
Atlantic Robber FrogCraugastor andiiAmphibian1980sCosta RicaCR
Angel Robber FrogCraugastor angelicus Amphibian1994Costa RicaCR(PE)
McCranie's Robber FrogCraugastor chrysozetetesAmphibian1994HondurasEX
-Craugastor coffeusAmphibian?Guatemala, HondurasCR(PE)
Cruz Robber FrogCraugastor cruzi Amphibian1988HondurasCR(PE)
-Craugastor emleniAmphibian1985HondurasCR(PE)
Heredia Robber FrogCraugastor escocesAmphibian1986Costa RicaEX
-Craugastor fecundusAmphibian?HondurasCR(PE)
-Craugastor gulosusAmphibian1983Costa Rica, PanamaCR(PE)
-Craugastor obesusAmphibian1984Costa Rica, PanamaCR(PE)
-Craugastor olanchanoAmphibian?HondurasCR(PE)
-Craugastor omoaensisAmphibian?HondurasCR(PE)
Sierra Juarez Robber FrogCraugastor polymniae Amphibian1983MexicoCR(PE)
-Craugastor stadelmaniAmphibian1993HondurasCR(PE)
-Craugastor trachydermusAmphibian?GuatemalaCR(PE)
-Crenigomphus abyssinicusInsect1914EthiopiaVU
-Crenigomphus denticulatusInsect1962EthiopiaVU
Christmas Island shrew Crocidura trichuraMammal1985Christmas IslandCR(PE)
Wimmer's ShrewCrocidura wimmeriMammal1976Côte d'IvoireCR(PE)
Bahia Spinythumb FrogCrossodactylus grandisAmphibian1960sBrazilDD
-Cryphiops luscusMalacostraca1986MexicoPE(CR)
Grand Junction cat's-eyeCryptantha apertaMagnoliopsida1892United StatesNE
-Cryptobatrachus niceforiAmphibian1970ColobiaCR
De Winton's Golden MoleCryptochloris wintoniMammal1937South AfricaCR(PE)
-Cryptothylax minutusAmphibian?Democratic Republic of CongoDD
lvarez del Toro's SalamanderCryptotriton alvarezdeltoroiAmphibian?MexicoEN
Wake's Moss SalamanderCryptotriton wakeiAmphibian1998GuatemalaCR
-Ctenitis pallatanganaPolypodiopsidabefore 1883EcuadorCR(PE)
-Cteniza brevidensArachnid?SardiniaNE
-Cuneopsis demangeiBivalve1929Viet NamCR(PE)
McCord's box turtleCuora mccordiReptile?ChinaCR
Zhou's box turtleCuora zhouiReptile?ChinaCR
-Cyanallagma trimaculatumInsect1876BrazilNE
OhaCyanea kolekoleensisMagnoliopsida1998United StatesCR(PE)
HahaCyanea kuhihewa Magnoliopsida2003United StatesCR(PEW)
Spix's MacawCyanopsitta spixii Bird2000BrazilCR(PEW)
-Cycas fugaxCycadopsida2004Viet NamCR(PE)
Nubian Flapshell TurtleCyclanorbis elegansReptile?Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ghana, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, TogoCR
Sao Bent Button FrogCycloramphus diringshofeniAmphibian1950sBrazilDD
Gruta Button FrogCycloramphus valaeAmphibian1982BrazilDD
Navassa Rhinoceros IguanaCyclura onchiopsisReptilemid 19th-CenturyPuerto RicoEX
-Cynisca gansiReptile?NigeriaCR(PE)
Yunnan Lake NewtCynops wolterstorffiAmphibian1979ChinaEX
-Cynorkis bimaculataLiliopsida1961MadagascarCR(PE)
-Cynorkis catatiiLiliopsida1889MadagascarCR(PE)
-Cynorkis rolfeiLiliopsida1903MadagascarCR(PE)
-Cynorkis sylvaticaLiliopsida1951MadagascarCR(PE)
-Cynorkis usambaraeLiliopsida1893TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Cyperus chionocephalusLiliopsida1839EthiopiaCR(PE)
-Cyperus multifoliusLiliopsidaearly 19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Cyprinus barbatusFish1982ChinaCR(PE)
-Cyprinus ilishaestomusFishlate 1970sChinaCR(PE)
Dianchi CarpCyprinus micristius Fish1980sChinaCR(PE)
-Cyprinus qionghaiensisFish?ChinaCR(PE)
-Cyprinus yilongensisFish?ChinaEX
-Cyprinus yunnanensisFishlate 1970sChinaCR(PE)
-Cyrtandra crenataMagnoliopsida1947United StatesCR(PE)
-Dalbergia occultaFabaceae1952MadagascarNE
Sabinal Prairie-cloverDalea sabinalis Magnoliopsida1950-60United StatesCR(PE)
Rio Mutum frogDasypops schirchiAmphibian?BrazilVU
-Delamarephorura tamiWingless Anthropods2004Viet NamCR(PE)
Kauai delissea, Kauai leechleaf delissea, Leechleaf delisseaDelissea rhytidospermaMagnoliopsida2002United StatesCR(PEW)
-Delissea takeuchiiMagnoliopsida1987United StatesCR(PE)
-Delonix tomentosaMagnoliopsida1901MadagascarCR(PE)
-Delos gardineriGastropod1890sFijiCR(PE)
Wondiwoi Tree-kangarooDendrolagus mayriMammal1928West PapuaCR(PE)
Vernay's climbing mouseDendromus vernayiMammal1937AngolaDD
Maspalomas Bow-legged GrasshopperDericorys minutus Insect1949SpainCR(PE)
Tropical AcidweedDesmarestia tropica Protist1972EcuadorCR(PE)
-Devillea flagelliformisMagnoliopsida1840sBrazilCR(PE)
-Dianella schlickumiGastropod1980sGreeceCR(PE)
-Diaphananthe orientalisLiliopsida1933TanzaniaCR(PE)
Dutchman's breechesDicentra cucullariaMagnoliopsida?United StatesNE
-Dicoma pretoriensisMagnoliopsida1925South AfricaCR(PE)
-Dictyota galapagensisProtist1974EcuadorCR(PE)
Smooth-glumed slender crabgrassDigitaria filiformisLiliopsida1931United StatesNE
-Diglossosternoides curiosusDiplopod1984SeychellesCR(PE)
-Diospyros coursianaEbenaceae1938MadagascarNE
-Diospyros heterosepalaEbenaceae1849MadagascarNE
-Diospyros katendeiMagnoliopsida?UgandaCR(PE)
-Diospyros ketsensisEbenaceae1926MadagascarNE
-Diospyros subtrinervisEbenaceae1898MadagascarNE
-Diospyros tetrapodaEbenaceae1927MadagascarNE
-Diplazium ulugurensePolypodiopsida1970TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Diplommatina alataGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
-Diplommatina aureaGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
-Diplommatina gibboniGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
San Quintin kangaroo rat Dipodomys gravipesMammal1986MexicoCR(PE)
AlakalDipterocarpus grandiflorusMagnoliopsida?India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet NamCR(PE)
-Discocactus subterraneo-proliferansMagnoliopsida1984BrazilCR/possibly EW
-Discula lyellianaGastropod1870sPortugalCR(PE)
-Discula tetricaGastropod1960sPortugalCR(PE)
-Disparoneura ramajanaInsectbefore 1970sSri LankaCR(PE)
-Disperis bosseriLiliopsida1957MadagascarCR(PE)
-Disperis egregiaLiliopsida1944TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Dorstenia bicaudataMagnoliopsida1950TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Doryrhamphus aurolineatusFish1993OmanDD
-Drassodes rugichelisArachnid1962PortugalNE
-Dreissena caspiaBivalve1980Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan, UzbekistanCR(PE)
-Drepanosticta adamiInsectbefore 1930sSri LankaCR(PE)
-Drepanosticta austeniInsectbefore 1940sSri LankaCR(PE)
-Drepanosticta montanaInsect1940sSri LankaCR(PE)
-Drepanosticta submontanaInsect1930sSri LankaCR(PE)
Na'ena'eDubautia kenwoodii Magnoliopsida1991United StatesCR(PE)
-Duttaphrynus peninsularisAmphibian1920IndiaNE
-Dypsis brittianaLiliopsida2005???CR(PE)
-Dysdera vandeliArachnid1962PortugalNE
-Echemus modestusArachnid1899PortugalNE
Oaxacan Fringe-limbed TreefrogEcnomiohyla echinata Amphibian1962MexicoCR(PE)
Rabb's Fringe-limbed TreefrogEcnomiohyla raborumAmphibian2007PanamáCR
Arkansas lazydaisyEgletes humifusaMagnoliopsida1836EcuadorCR(PE)
Three-striped grass miner mothElachista trifasciataInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
-Elaeocarpus occidentalisElaeocarpaceae1955MadagascarNE
-Elaphandra retroflexaMagnoliopsida1920sEcuadorCR(PE)
-Elaphoglossum gracilipesPolypodiopsidabefore 1853EcuadorCR(PE)
-Elaphoglossum polytrichumPolypodiopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Elattoneura flavifaciesInsect1965The Democratic Republic of Congo, ZambiaNE
Creeping spikesedgeEleocharis fallaxLiliopsida1919United StatesNE
-Eleocharis leptaLiliopsida1897South AfricaCR(PE)
Dusky-footed sengiElephantulus fuscipesMammalBefore 1968The Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, UgandaDD
Dusky sengiElephantulus fuscusMammalOne specimen from 2005, others pre-date 1968.Malawi, Mozambique, ZimbabweDD
Karoo rock sengiElephantulus pilicaudusMammal2008South AfricaDD
Somali sengiElephantulus revoiliiMammalBefore 1968SomaliaDD
Mottled CoquiEleutherodactylus eneidae Amphibian1990Puerto RicoCR(PE)
La Visite Robber FrogEleutherodactylus glanduliferoides Amphibian1985HaitiCR(PE)
Golden CoquiEleutherodactylus jasperiAmphibian1981Puerto RicoCR
Web-footed CoquiEleutherodactylus karlschmidti Amphibian1976 or 1988Puerto RicoCR(PE)
Arntully Robber FrogEleutherodactylus orcuttiAmphibianmid-1980sJamaicaCR(PE)
Schmidt's Robber FrogEleutherodactylus schmidti Amphibianmid-1980sDominican Republic, HaitiCR(PE)
Foothill Robber FrogEleutherodactylus semipalmatus Amphibian1985HaitiCR(PE)
Mossy ElimiaElimia troostianaGastropod1980sUnited StatesCR(PE)
-Enallagma maldivensisInsect1902MaldivesCR(PE)
Waxen CycadEncephalartos cerinus Cycadopsidabefore 2000South AfricaCR(PE)
Venda CycadEncephalartos hirsutus Cycadopsida2004South AfricaCR(PE)
-Endodonta apiculataGastropod1930sUnited StatesCR(PE)
Big-headed ground beetleEndosomatium megalopsInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Camilla's Saddle Bush-cricketEphippiger camillaeInsect1880ItalyCR
Cartago KnobtailEpigomphus verticicornisInsect1907Costa RicaEN
Southern Acron Riffle ShellEpioblasma othcaloogensis Bivalve1974United StatesCR(PE)
Wild horseEquus ferusMammal China, Kazakhstan, Russia, UkraineEW
-Eremurus rechingeriMonocotyledonae?IraqNE
-Eresus bifasciatusArachnid1927RussiaNE
-Eresus frontalisArachnid1808SpainNE
-Eresus granosusArachnid1925China NE
-Eresus ignicomisArachnid?FranceNE
-Eresus latefasciatusArachnid?AlgeriaNE
-Eresus lavrosiaeArachnid1967GeorgiaNE
-Eresus pharaonisArachnid1829EgyptNE
-Eresus robustusArachnid1918SpainNE
-Eresus rotundicepsArachnid1873UkraineNE
-Eresus tricolorArachnid?FranceNE
Vandenbranden's CrabErimetopus vandenbrandeniMalacostraca1931The Democratic Republic of CongoDD
Turquoise-throated PufflegEriocnemis godini BirdPossibly 1976EcuadorCR(PE)
-Eua globosaGastropod1970TongaCR(PE)
-Eugenia albidaMagnoliopsidaearly 19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Eugenia guayaquilensisMagnoliopsidabefore 1823EcuadorCR(PE)
-Eugenia scheffleriMagnoliopsida1900TanzaniaCR(PE)
Pale-legged Marbled Bush-cricketEuhpolidoptera pallipesInsect1973CreteVU
-Eulophia grandidieriLiliopsida1901MadagascarCR(PE)
Ghosh's Frog, Manipur FrogEuphlyctis ghoshiAmphibian1975IndiaDD
Cretan Marbled Bush-cricketEupholidoptera creticaInsect1942CreteVU
Skaronero Marbled Bush-cricketEupholidoptera gemellataInsect1973CreteVU
-Euphorbia alcicornisLiliopsida1880MadagascarCR(PE)
-Euphorbia ankazobensisEuphorbiaceae1989MadagascarCR
-Euphorbia annamarieaeEuphorbiaceae1961MadagascarVU
-Euphorbia aureoviridifloraEuphorbiaceae1969MadagascarVU
-Euphorbia boinensisLiliopsida1920MadagascarCR(PE)
-Euphorbia neospinescensLiliopsida1942TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Euphorbia pirahazoLiliopsida?MadagascarCR(PE)
Kilosa Noble GrasshopperEupropacris abbreviata Insect1926TanzaniaCR(PE)
Udzungwa Noble GrasshopperEupropacris uniformisInsect?Tanzania 
New Caledonian NightjarEurostopodus exul Bird1939New CaledoniaCR(PE)
Blanco Blind SalamanderEurycea robustaAmphibian1950sUnited StatesDD
Mlingano Monkey GrasshopperEuschmidtia bidens Insect1953TanzaniaCR(PE)
Burtt's Monkey GrasshopperEuschmidtia burtti Insect1954TanzaniaCR(PE)
Dirsh's Monkey GrasshopperEuschmidtia dirshi Insect1954TanzaniaCR(PE)
Phipps' Monkey GrasshopperEuschmidtia phippsi Insect1952TanzaniaCR(PE)
Dar-es-Salaam Monkey GrasshopperEuschmidtia viridifasciata Insect1964TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Euso muehlenbergiArachnid1975SeychellesCR(PE)
-Euthore mirabilisInsect1878EcuadorDD
Gran Canaria Bush-cricketEvergoderes cabrerai 1Insect1960sSpainCR
Gran Canaria Bush-cricketEvergoderes cabrerai 2Insect1936SpainCR
-Eyprepocnemis reductaInsect?Tanzania 
-Falsipyrgula beysehiranaGastropod1990sTurkeyCR(PE)
-Fejervarya frithiAmphibian1868BangladeshDD
Parambikulam Wart Frog, Parambikulam FrogFejervarya parambikulamanaAmphibian1937IndiaDD
Coorg Cricket FrogFejervarya sauricepsAmphibian1937IndiaDD
-Fejevarya assimilisAmphibian1852IndiaDD
-Fejevarya bramaAmphibian1834IndiaDD
Ghats wart frog, Murthy's frogFejevarya murthiiAmphibian1979IndiaCR
-Festucalex prolixusFish1929Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, PhilippinesDD
Ladder PipefishFestucalex scalarisFish1993AustraliaLC*
Wass' PipefishFestucalex wassiFish1986Fiji, France, Samoa, Papua New GuineaDD
-Fibigia thesigeriDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Fluminagrion taxaenseInsect1966BrazilCR
-Forstertyna marplesiArachnid1981New ZealandNE
-Fundulopanchax powelliFish?NigeriaCR(PE)
-Furcifer tuzetaeReptile1960sMadagascarDD
-Gabbiella matadinaGastropod1970sThe Democratic Republic of CongoCR(PE)
-Galaxaura barbataFlorideophyceae1963EcuadorCR(PE)
Alberta FossariaGalba albertaGastropod?CanadaDD
-Galba vancouverensisGastropod?CanadaNE
-Galium heinesiiDicotyledonae?IraqNE
La Palma Giant LizardGallotia auaritae ReptilePossibly 2007SpainCR(PE)
-Gamasomorpha austeraArachnid1892SeychellesCR(PE)
Christian's Marsupial FrogGastrotheca christianiAmphibian1996ArgentinaEN
La Siberia Marsupial FrogGastrotheca lauzuricae Amphibian1989BoliviaCR(PE)
-Geomitra delphinuloidesGastropod1870sPortugalCR(PE)
-Geomitra grabhamiGastropod1980sPortugalCR(PE)
Kerala Stream Toad, Red Stream Toad, Silent Valley Torrent ToadGhatophryne rubiginaAmphibian1981IndiaVU
Small Mountain FrogGlandirana minimaAmphibian1986ChinaCR
-Glaucium cuneatumDicotyledonae?IraqNE
Funeral ground spiderGnaphosa funerea Arachnid1965Saint HelenaNE
-Gnidia hibbertioidesThymelaeaceaebefore 1957MadagascarEN
-Gnidia neglectaThymelaeaceae1912MadagascarEN
Sheetweb weaverGoneatara eranistesArachnid1923United StatesNE
-Graecoanatolica brevisGastropodBefore 1973TurkeyCR(PE)
-Graecoanatolica conicaGastropod1973TurkeyCR(PE)
The Spectacular GrammangisGrammangis spectabilisOrchidaceae1967MadagascarCR
-Gurneyacris nigrofasciataInsect1972ArgentinaNE
-Guzmania lepidotaLiliopsida1876EcuadorCR(PE)
Tufted AirplantGuzmania poortmaniiLiliopsida1889EcuadorCR(PE)
BromeliadGuzmania striataLiliopsida1956EcuadorCR(PE)
-Gynacantha stylataInsect1965SeychellesNE
Edmondson's PipefishHalicampus edmondsoniFish1997United StatesLC
-Haplochromis aelocephalusFish1985Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis antleterFish1982TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis apogonoidesFish1983Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis argenteusFish1983UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis barbaraeFish1985Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis bareliFish1985TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis brownaeFish1980Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis cassiusFish1986TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis cinctusFish1982Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis cnesterFish1982TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis coprologusFish1982TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis crassilabrisFish1980Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis crocopeplusFish1985TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis dentexFish1987Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis dichrourusFish1986TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis flavipinnisFish1984Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis grantiFish1986Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis guiartiFish1985Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis heusinkveldiFish1985TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis hiatusFish1980TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis irisFish1980TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis ishmaeliFish1991Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis katunziiFish1982TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis longirostrisFish1985Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis macrognathusFish1985Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis martiniFish1985Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis michaeliFish1985Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis microdonFish1985Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis mylergatesFish1985TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis nanoserranusFish1986Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis pancitrinusFish1986Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis parvidensFish1995Tanzania, Uganda, KenyaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis percoidesFish1986Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis perrieriFish1986TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis plutoniusFish1980TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis ptistesFish1984Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis pyrrhopteryxFish1983Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis sphexFish1986TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis sulphureusFish1985TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis teegelaariFish1986TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis theliodonFish1993Tanzania, UgandaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis ushindiFish1980TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis victorianusFish1985Lake VictoriaCR(PE)
-Haplochromis vonlinneiFish1980TanzaniaCR(PE)
--Haplochromis xenostomaFish1983TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Haploclastus tenebrosusArachnid?IndiaNE
-Heliochtamenus fernandeziInsect1965SpainNE
-Heliochtamenus occidentalisInsect1965SpainNE
-Heliogomphus lyratusInsect1940sSri LankaCR(PE)
-Heliogomphus nietneriInsect1880sSri LankaCR(PE)
Nilgiri MystusHemibagrus punctatus Fishlate 1990sIndiaCR(PE)
-Hemicycla modestaGastropod?SpainCR(PE)
NukupuuHemignathus lucidus Bird1995-1996United StatesCR(PE)
-Hemileiocassis panjangFishbefore 1950JavaNE
-Henrigirardia wieniniGastropodBefore 2001FranceCR(PE)
-Hesperis blakelockiiDicotyledonae?IraqNE
-Hesperis kurdicaDicotyledonae?IraqNE
Dwarf hesperochironHesperochiron pumilusMagnoliopsida1996United States, CanadaNE
-Heteragrion azulumInsect1992MexicoNE
-Heteragrion beschkiiInsectbetween 1834 and 1851BrazilNE
-Heteragrion peregrinumInsect1917ColombiaCR(PE)
Huia (New Zealand)Heteralocha acutirostrisBird?New ZealandEX
Western pearl- flowerHeterocodon rariflorumAngiosperm1996United States, CanadaNE
Bullneck SeahorseHippocampus minotaurFishNever seen in wildAustraliaDD
-Histopona palaeolithicaArachnid?Italy, MontenegroNE
Prosperous Bay Plain wolf spiderHogna cinicaArachnid1967Saint HelenaNE
Inexorable wolf spiderHogna inexorabilisArachnid1965Saint HelenaNE
Itatiaia Highland FrogHoloaden bradeiAmphibian1976BrazilCR
-Holocompsa pusillaInsect1908SeychellesCR(PE)
-Holozoster ovalisArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Homalenotus machadoiArachnid?PortugalNE
Knobbly fungus weevilHomoeodera nodulipennisInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Congo golden moleHuetia leucorhinaMammal2005Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, CongoDD
-Humbertioturraea seyrigiiMeliaceae1918MadagascarNE
-Hunteria hexalobaMagnoliopsida1902GabonCR(PE)
Guadalupe Storm-petrelHydrobates macrodactylus Bird1912MexicoCR(PE)
-Hydrobia anatolicaGastropodBefore 1994TurkeyCR(PE)
Bighead Sea Snake Hydrophis annandaleiReptile?Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Viet Nam, Borneo, JavaNE
Anomalous Sea SnakeHydrophis anomalusReptile?Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Viet NamDD
-Hydrophis hendersoniReptile?MyanmarNE
Kloss' Sea SnakeHydrophis klossiReptile?Indonesia, ThailandDD
Daudin's Sea SnakeHydrophis nigrocinctusReptile?Bangladesh, India, MyanmarDD
-Hydrophis parvicepsReptile?Viet NamDD
West Coast Black-headed Sea SnakeHydrophis torquatusReptile?Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, IndonesiaDD
Estuarine Sea SnakeHydrophis vorisiReptile?AustraliaDD
-Hyla heinzsteinitziAmphibian?Israel, PalestineCR(PE)
Helena's TreefrogHyla helenaeAmphibian1914GuyanaCR
Colombian Backpack FrogHyla niceforiAmphibian?ColombiaCR(PE)
-Hylarana bhagmandlensisAmphibian1921IndiaVU
-Hylarana intermediusAmphibian1937IndiaNT
Papahag FrogHylarana melanomentaAmphibian1920PhilippinesDD
-Hylarana montanusAmphibian1922IndiaNT
Merten's Tree ToadHylodes mertensiAmphibian1960sBrazilDD
Parjacti TreefrogHyloscirtus chlorosteusAmphibian1970sBoliviaCR(PE)
Charta TreefrogHyloscirtus denticulentusAmphibian1992ColombiaEN
Edwards' Rocket FrogHyloxalus edwardsi Amphibian1996ColombiaCR(PE)
Ruiz's Rocket FrogHyloxalus ruizi Amphibian?ColombiaCR(PE)
-Hymenodictyon seyrigiiMagnoliopsida1942MadagascarCR(PE)
Turkestanian SalamanderHynobius turkestanicusAmphibian1909Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, UzbekistanDD
Lake Pedder earthwormHypolimnus pedderensisWorm1972AustraliaEX
African stingless beeHypotrigona gribodoiInsect1932Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Gabon, KenyaNE
-Hypselobarbus pulchellusFish1870IndiaCR(PE)
Prickly PipefishHypselognathus horridusFish1982AustraliaDD
Campo Grande TreefrogHypsiboas cymbalumAmphibian1960sBrazilCR(PE)
-Hypsiboas fuenteiAmphibian1970sSurinameDD
Jamaican RacerHypsirhynchus aterReptileEarly 1900sJamaicaCR
-Ibalonius lomaniArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Iberosiro distylosArachnid?PortugalNE
-Ichthyophis husainiAmphibian1983IndiaDD
Long-headed Caecilian, Yellow-spotted CaecilianIchthyophis longicephalusAmphibian1979IndiaDD
Singapore CaecilianIchthyophis singaporensisAmphibian1847SingaporeDD
Makamunu Assumbo CaecilianIdiocranium russeliAmphibian1920CameroonDD
-Idioctis intertidalisArachnid1972Comoros, Madagascar, SeychellesCR(PE)
-Iglica gratulabundaGastropod1992AustriaCR(PE)
Pico Blanco ToadIncilius fastidiosus Amphibian?Costa Rica, PanamaCR(PE)
Golden ToadIncilius periglenesAmphibian1989Costa RicaEX
-Indirana longicrusAmphibian1937IndiaDD
-Indirana tenuilinguaAmphibian1937IndiaDD
-Indolestes linsleyiInsect1955 NE
-Indolestes lundqvistiInsect1941 NE
-Indolestes risiInsect1903 NE
-Ingerana charlesdarwiniAmphibian1997IndiaCR
-Ischnura albistigmaInsect1950sSamoaDD
-Ischnura buxtoniInsect1952SamoaDD
-Ischnura chromostigmaInsect1923-24SamoaDD
-Ischnura haemastigmaInsect1951SamoaDD
-Ischnura sanguinostigmaInsect1979SamoaDD
-Ischnura vinsoniInsect1947MauritiusNE
-Islamia bendidisGastropod?GreeceCR(PE)
-Islamia graecaGastropodBefore 2000GreeceCR(PE)
-Islamia hadeiGastropod?GreeceCR(PE)
-Islamia pseudorientalicaGastropodBefore 1973TurkeyCR(PE)
-Islamia zermanicaGastropod?CroatiaCR(PE)
Pindus QuillwortIsoetes heldreichiiIsoetopsida1885GreeceCR(PE)
-Isoetes sinensisIsoetopsida?ChinaCR(PE)
Isla Bonita TreefrogIsthmohyla debilis Amphibian1998Costa Rica, PanamaCR(PE)
Cofre de Perote SalamanderIsthmura naucampatepetl Amphibian1981MexicoCR(PE)
-Ivodea cristataRutaceae1964MadagascarNE
-Jumellea brevifoliaOrchidaceae1933MadagascarNE
Blunt-flower rushJuncus pervetusLiliopsida1928United StatesNE
-Kadua haupuensisMagnoliopsida1998United StatesCR(PEW)
Kanaloa, Ka palupalu o Kanaloa Kanaloa kahoolawensisMagnoliopsida2014United StatesCR(PEW)
-Kapitia obscuraArachnid1947New ZealandNE
Kerzhner's bugKerzhneria hirsutaInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Rough-footed Mud TurtleKinosternon hirtipes megacephalumReptile1960sMexicoLC
-Kirelia carinataGastropod1970sTurkeyCR(PE)
Danube Delta Dwarf GobyKnipowitschia cameliae Fish1994RomaniaCR(PE)
-Kubaryia pilikiaGastropod2003 (dead)PalauCR(PE)
-Kunkeliella psilotocladaMagnoliopsida1983SpainCR(PE)
St. Helena giant earwigLabidura herculeanaInsect1967Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaEX
-Lamprotula crassaBivalve1990sViet NamCR(PE)
-Lamprotula liedtkeiBivalve?Viet NamCR(PE)
-Lamprotula nodulosaBivalve?Viet NamCR(PE)
-Laparocerus lanatusInsect?PortugalNE
-Lauopa mbalavuanaGastropod1860sFijiCR(PE)
-Laurentophryne parkeriAmphibian1950Democratic Republic of CongoDD
Groove-toothed forest mouse Leimacomys buettneriMammal1890TogoDD
Madeiran Land SnailLeiostyla abbreviataGastropod1870sPortugalCR(PE)
-Leiostyla cassidaGastropod1870sPortugalCR(PE)
Madeiran Land SnailLeiostyla gibbaGastropod1878 (dead)PortugalCR(PE)
-Leiostyla simulatorGastropod?PortugalCR(PE)
-Leiotettix politusInsect1961UruguayNE
-Lepidoblepharis miyataiReptile1964ColombiaCR(PE)
Lesser stick-nest ratLeporillus apicalisMammal1933AustrailiaCR(PE)
-Lepthyphantes agnellusArachnid?Italy, FranceNE
-Lepthyphantes eleonoraeArachnid?ItalyNE
-Lepthyphantes garganicusArachnid?ItalyNE
-Lepthyphantes messapicusArachnid?ItalyNE
-Lepthyphantes sardousArachnid?ItalyNE
-Leptoneta insularisArachnid?ItalyNE
-Leptoneta patriziiArachnid?ItalyNE
-Leptoneta serbariuanaArachnid?ItalyNE
Longsnout PipefishLeptonotus noraeFish1963New ZealandLC
-Lepturopetium kunienseAngiosperm1967New CaledoniaNE
-Lestes auripennisInsect1954MadagascarNE
-Lestes simplexInsect1985MexicoNE
-Lestes umbrinusInsect2007PakistanDD
Levuana mothLevuana iridiscensInsect1925FijiEX
-Lieftinckia isabellaeInsect1960Solomon IslandsDD
-Lijndenia brenaniiMagnoliopsida1961TanzaniaCR(PE)
Bristle flaxLinum aristatumMagnoliopsida?United StatesNE
Cranwell's Tree IguanaLiolaemus cranwelli Reptile1973BoliviaCR(PE)
BaijiLipotes vexillifer Mammal2002ChinaCR(PE)
-Lissocampus bannwarthiFish1975Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Saudi ArabiaLC
Las Vegas Leopard FrogLithobates fisheriAmphibian1942United StatesEX
Guerreran Leopard FrogLithobates omiltemanus Amphibian1978MexicoCR(PE)
Puebla FrogLithobates pueblaeAmphibian?MexicoCR(PE)
Tlaloc's Leopard FrogLithobates tlaloci Amphibian1985MexicoCR(PE)
Peppered Tree FrogLitoria piperata Amphibian1973AustraliaCR(PE)
-Litsea imbricataAngiosperm1872New CaledoniaEN
-Lobocheilos rohitoidesFish1857JavaNE
Lobelia flea beetleLongitarsus helenaeInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
She cabbage flea beetleLongitarsus janulusInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Edwards's pheasantLophura edwardsiBird2000Viet Nam CR
St Helenian yellow-spotted plant-bugLopsallus flavosparsusInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
-Macrobrachium denticulatumMalacostraca1995BrazilPE(CR)
-Macrobrachium oxyphilusMalacostracaBefore 2003MalaysiaPE(CR)
-Macrobrachium purpureamanusMalacostracaBefore 1998IndonesiaPE(CR)
-Macrobrachium scortecciiMalacostraca1957SomaliaPE(CR)
Flint's CruiserMacromia flintiInsect1970Sri LankaCR
-Madgeaconcha sevathianiGastropodBefore 2004MauritiusCR(PE)
CucharilloMagnolia dixonii Magnoliopsida1965EcuadorCR(PE)
-Magnolia emarginataMagnoliopsida1980sHaitiCR(PE)
Wolf's MagnoliaMagnolia wolfiiMagnoliopsida2006ColombiaCR(PE)
Colorado mahoniaMahonia haematocarpaMagnoliopsida?United StatesNE
-Manettia canescensMagnoliopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Manettia holwayiMagnoliopsida1920EcuadorCR(PE)
-Mannophryne neblinaAmphibian?Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
-Margarya yangtsunghaiensisGastropod1949ChinaCR(PE)
Orange PipefishMaroubra yasudaiFish1983JapanDD
Ozark Pyrg)Marstonia ozarkensisGastropod1997United StatesCR(PE)
-Matelea ecuadorensisMagnoliopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Maytenus manabiensisMagnoliopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Mecistocephalus cyclopsChilopod1892SeychellesCR(PE)
-Mecistocephalus sechellarumChilopod1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Megachile cypricolaInsect1950CyprusCR(PE)
Wallace's Giant BeeMegachile plutoInsect1981 VU
Giant Amazon diving beetleMegadytes ducalisInsect1882BrazilEX
Molokai DamselflyMegalagrion molokaiense Insect1940sUnited StatesCR(PE)
-Megavitrina libanicaGastropod?LebanonNE
Poo-uliMelamprosops phaeosoma Bird2004United StatesCR(PE)
-Melanoides agglutinansGastropod1941The Democratic Republic of CongoCR(PE)
Zuniga's dark rice ratMelanomys zunigaeMammal1949PeruCR(PE)
-Melanophryniscus peritusAmphibian1953BrazilCR(PE)
-Melanopsis germainiGastropod1955SyriaCR(PE)
-Melanopsis infracinctaGastropod1940sSyriaCR(PE)
-Melanopsis khabourensisGastropod1939SyriaCR(PE)
-Melanopsis pachyaGastropod1930sSyriaCR(PE)
Hornless Melliss chaferMellissius eudoxusInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Pope's chaferMellissius popeiInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Manusela mosaic-tailed rat Melomys fraterculusMammal1920IndonesiaCR
-Melpomene brevipesPolypodiopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Mercuria punicaGastropod?TunisiaCR(PE)
-Meristogenys macrophthalmusAmphibian1964MalaysiaDD
Dwarf HutiaMesocapromys nanus Mammal1937CubaCR(PE)
Little Earth HutiaMesocapromys sanfelipensis Mammal1978CubaCR(PE)
-Metaleptobasis gibbosaInsect2005EcuadorCR(PE)
-Miconia longisetosaMagnoliopsida1886EcuadorCR(PE)
-Miconia scabraMagnoliopsida1876EcuadorCR(PE)
-Micrathyria ringueletiInsect1998Argentina, UruguayNE
-Micrixalus narainensisAmphibian1937IndiaDD
-Micrixalus silvaticusAmphibian1882IndiaDD
-Micrixalus swamianusAmphibian1937IndiaDD
-Micrognathus erugatusFish1972BrazilDD
Offshore PipefishMicrognathus natansFish1992Australia, France, FijiLC
Slender PipefishMicrophis caudocarinatusFish1994IndonesiaDD
Dumbéa river pipefishMicrophis cruentusFish1980FranceDD
Crocodile-tooth PipefsihMicrophis cuncalusFish1977BangladeshLC
Andaman PipefishMicrophis insularisFish1974IndiaVU
Ocellated PipefishMicrophis ocellatusFish1978?Sri Lanka, IndonesiaDD
-Microphis pleurostictusFish?PhilippinesEN
Spinach River PipefishMicrophis spinachioidesFish1982Papua New GuineaDD
-Mikania isernianaMagnoliopsida1864EcuadorCR(PE)
-Mikania seemanniiMagnoliopsida1845-52EcuadorCR(PE)
Fire coralMillipore boschmaiCoral?Australia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Panama, Singapore, ThailandNE
-Mimosa kitrokalaMagnoliopsida1947MadagascarCR(PE)
Square-stem monkeyflowerMimulus ringensMagnoliopsida1895United States, CanadaLC
West Atlantic PipefishMinyichthys inusitatusFish1978Panama, ArgentinaDD
-Minyichthys sentusFish1993SpainDD
Hula breamMirogrex hulensisFish1975IsraelEX
Western Crested PipefishMitotichthys meraculusFish?AustraliaDD
Mollison's PipefishMitotichthys mollisoniFish1989AustraliaLC
Tucker's PipefishMitotichthys tuckeriFish1985AustraliaLC
-Mitraceras crassipalpumArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Moneta coercerveaArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Monilearia pulverulentaGastropod?SpainCR(PE)
Single-striped OpossumMonodelphis unistriata Mammal1899Argentina, BrazilCR(PE)
Red poverty-weedMonolepis pusillaMagnoliopsida?United StatesNE
-Montigyra kentiCoral2000AustraliaDD/Abundance: Possibly extinct.
-Montserratina becasisGastropod1890sFranceCR(PE)
Gloomy Tube-nosed BatMurina tenebrosa Mammal1962JapanCR(PE)
OlomaoMyadestes lanaiensis Bird1994United StatesCR(PE)
Eisentraut's mouse shrew Myosorex eisentrautiMammal1968GuineaCR
-Myrmecopora maritimaInsect?PortugalNE
Isla De La Juventud tree hutia Mysateles meridionalisMammal1978CubaCR
New Zealand Greater Short-tailed BatMystacina robusta Mammal1967New ZealandCR(PE)
Bony-headed pipefishNannocampus subosseusFish1983AustraliaLC
Reef-flat PipefishNannocampus weberiFish1983Bali, Sumba, IndonesiaDD
Gunther's streamlined frogNannophrys guentheriAmphibian1882Sri LankaEX
-Narthecium montanumAngiosperm?United StatesNE
Poynton's Forest ToadNectophrynoides poyntoni Amphibian2003TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Nelima atrorubraArachnid?SpainNE
-Nemastomella armatissimaArachnid?PortugalNE
-Nemastomella cristinaeArachnid?SpainNE
-Nemastomella manicataArachnid?SpainNE
-Neocnemis occidentalisInsect1870AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
Bovany BarbNeolissochilus bovanicus Fish1998IndiaCR(PE)
Velvet Pitcher PlantNepenthes mollisMagnoliopsida1918 DD
-Neritina tiassalensisGastropodBefore 1980sCôte d'IvoireCR(PE)
-Nesiergus gardineriArachnid1974SeychellesCR(PE)
-Nesiergus halophilusArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Nesobasis aurantiacaInsect1922FijiDD
-Nesobasis flavostigmaInsect1973FijiDD
-Nesocordulia villiersiInsect1955ComorosDD
-Nesolestes paulianiInsect1947ComorosDD
-Nesotes azoricusInsect1870AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
Ethiopian Amphibious RatNilopegamys plumbeus Mammal1920sEthiopiaCR(PE)
-Nomada siciliensisInsect1885ItalyCR(PE)
-Normania navaMagnoliopsida?SpainNE
Red PipefishNotiocampus ruberFish1984AustraliaLC
Eskimo Curlew (USA)Numenius borealisBird?Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Paraguay, United States, Barbados, Mexico, UruguayCE
Lord Howe Long-eared BatNyctophilus howensis Mammal1972AustraliaCR(PE)
Wollaston's leafhopperNyhimbricus wollastoniInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Haddleton LampmusselObovaria haddletoni Bivalveabout 1970United StatesCR(PE)
Isla Mocha degu Octodon pacificusMammal1959ChileCR
Cartago Worm SalamanderOedipina alturaAmphibian1985Costa RicaCR
El Empalme Worm SalamanderOedipina paucidentata Amphibian1952Costa RicaCR(PE)
-Ohridohauffenia minutaGastropod?MacedoniaCR(PE)
-Omoadiphas cannulaReptile1989HondurasCR(PE)
-Omphalotropis ingensGastropod1850sFijiCR(PE)
-Onobrychis lunulataDicotyledonae?IraqNE
Sensitive fernOnoclea sensibilisMagnoliopsida?United States, CanadaLC
Himalayan Mountain Quail (Nepal, northeastern States of India)Ophrysia superciliosaBird?IndiaCE
-Opisthostoma decrespignyiGastropodBefore 1960sMalaysiaCR(PE)
-Opisthostoma otostomaGastropodBefore 1960sMalaysiaCR(PE)
Actaeon tineidOpogona actaeonInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Lesser St Helena tineidOpogona helenaeoidesInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Besprinkled tineidOpogona irrorataInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Ladder tineidOpogona scalarisInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Bigleaf scurfpeaOrbexilum macrophyllumMagnoliopsida?United StatesNE
Karpathos Stone GrasshopperOrchamus kaltenbachiInsect?Greece 
-Oreiallagma prothoracicumInsect1918EcuadorDD
-Oreobates zongoensisAmphibian1996BoliviaCR(PE)
-Orsinome armataArachnid?IndiaNE
Elusive SkimmerOrthetrum rubens Insect1977South AfricaCR(PE)
Four-toed mole tenrecOryzorictes tetradactylusMammalLate 1990sMadagascarDD
-Oxanthera undulataMagnoliopsida1870New CaledoniaNE
-Paccius quadridentatusArachnid1892SeychellesCR(PE)
The Hairy PachystomaPachystoma pubescensLiliopsida1980TangoCR
Sooty crayfishPacifastacus nigrescensMalacostraca1800sUnited StatesEX
-Pacificagrion dolorosaInsect1951SamoaDD
-Paladilhiopsis janinensisGastropod1980sGreeceCR(PE)
-Palaemnema edmondiInsect1917ColombiaCR(PE)
Florida Cave ShrimpPalaemonetes cummingi Malacostraca1973United StatesPE(CR)
-Palaina albataGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
Palauan land snailPalaina patulaGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
-Palaina platycheilusGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
-Palaina pupaGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
-Panicum pearsoniiLiliopsida1913NamibiaCR(PE)
-Pantanodon madagascariensisFish?MadagascarEX
-Pantanodon sp. nov. 'Manombo'Fish1997MadagascarCR(PE)
Alcorn's pocket gopherPappogeomys alcorniMammal1998MexicoCR
Imperiled Grass False ShieldbackParacilacris periclitatusInsect2008South AfricaCR
-Paracnemis secundarisInsect1960MadagascarDD
-Paracrites pichisInsect1959PerúNE
-Paradeucalion desertarumInsect?PortugalNE
-Paragomphus mayneiInsect1915The Democratic Republic of Congo, AngolaDD
Deolali MinnowParapsilorhynchus prateri Fish1937IndiaCR(PE)
Diyarbakır LoachParaschistura chrysicristinae Fish1970sTurkeyCR(PE)
-Paratelmatobius lutziiAmphibian1978BrazilDD
Amani Forest FrogParhoplophryne usambarica Amphibian1920sTanzaniaCR(PE)
-Parietaria rechingeriDicotyledonae?IraqNE
Oahu AlauahioParoreomyza maculata Bird1985United StatesCR(PE)
Polynesian tree snailPartula guamensisGastropod1936MicronesiaCR(PE)
-Partula leucothoeGastropod1936PalauCR(PE)
Meyer's Partula snailPartula meyeriGastropod2006French PolynesiaCR
Polynesian Tree SnailPartula sagittaGastropod1908French PolynesiaEX
Darwin's elmidPeloriolus brunneusInsect1836Saint HelenaNE
Hispaniolan Crestless ToadPeltophryne fluviatica Amphibian?Dominican RepublicCR(PE)
Small-flower beardtonguePenstemon parviflorusMagnoliopsida1890United StatesNE
Robust burrowing mayflyPentagenia robustaInsect1926United StatesEX
Gambles's RelicPentaphlebia gamblesiInsect1973NigeriaCR
Rupert's Valley weevilPentatemnodes rupertsianusInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
-Peperomia dauleanaMagnoliopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Peperomia petraeaMagnoliopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
-Perbrinckia gabadageiMalacostraca1996Sri LankaPE(CR)
-Periegops keaniArachnid1993New ZealandNE
Zulu Ambush KatydidPeringueyella zulu Insect1922South AfricaCR(PE)
-Perissolestes remusInsect1941EcuadorCR(PE)
Mount Kenya PottoPerodicticus ibeanus stockleyiMammal1938 CR (subspecies)
Angel Island mouse Peromyscus guardiaMammal1991MexicoCR(PE)
Puebla deer mouse Peromyscus mekisturusMammal1948MexicoCR(PE)
Corniolo Glandular CricketPetaloptila clauseriInsect1991ItalyDD
Lesser Pygymy Flying SquirrelPetaurillus emiliaeMammal1901MalaysiaDD
Du Toit's Torrent FrogPetrobates dutoitiAmphibian1962KenyaCR
Spectacled cormorantPhalacrocorax perspicillatusBird?RussiaEX
Telefomin CuscusPhalanger matanim MammalPossibly 1997Papua New GuineaCR(PE)
-Phalloptychus eigenmanniFish?BrazilNE
Uvarov's cricketPhaneracra uvaroviInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Thomas's Big-eared BatPharotis imogene Mammal1890 CR(PE)
Jackson's Bubble-nest FrogPhilautus jacobsoniAmphibian1912IndonesiaCR(PE)
Sacred Grove BushfrogPhilautus sanctisilvaticusAmphibian1962IndiaCR
-Philodendron balaoanumLiliopsida1891EcuadorCR(PE)
-Philodromus similimusArachnid1963PortugalNE
-Phrynomedusa fimbriataAmphibian1923BrazilEX
-Phycodrina elegansFlorideophyceae1977EcuadorCR(PE)
-Phyllanthus golonensisMagnoliopsida1975New CaledoniaEN
-Phyllanthus rozennaeMagnoliopsida1978New CaledoniaEN
Gale of the wind, Stonebreaker, Seed-under-leafPhyllanthus veilloniiMagnoliopsida1978New CaledoniaEN
Gumwood midget mothPhyllonorycter aurifasciaInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
-Phyllostegia kahiliensisMagnoliopsida1987United StatesCR(PE)
Waimea phyllostegia, Knudsen's phyllostegiaPhyllostegia knudseniiMagnoliopsida2001United StatesCR(PE)
Madeiran Large WhitePieris wollastoniInsect1986PortugalCR(PE)
Miss Waldron's red colobusPiliocolobus badius waldronaeMammal1978Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, LiberiaCR
Bouvier's Red ColobusPiliocolobus bouvieri Mammal1970s CR(PE)
Great AukPinguinus impennisBird1852Canada, Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, United KingdomEX
-Pinheyschna mooriInsect1979ZambiaDD
-Piper molliusculumMagnoliopsida?EcuadorCR(PE)
Vanzolini's Bald Faced SakiPithecia vanzoliniiMammal1930sBrazilDD
-Pittosporum leroyanumMagnoliopsida1980New CaledoniaCR
Flax snailPlacostylus koroensisGastropod1980FijiCR(PE)
Caribou Rams-hornPlanorbella columbiensisGastropod?CanadaNE
Siamese flat-barbelled catfishPlatytropius siamensisFish1977ThailandEX
-Plectophanes altusArachnid1958New ZealandNE
-Plectophanes hollowayaeArachnid1955New ZealandNE
-Plectostoma charasenseGastropod2007MalaysiaCR(PE)
-Plectostoma dindingensisGastropod1997MalaysiaCR(PE)
Towered braided snailPlectostoma turriformeGastropod1997MalaysiaCR(PE)
-Plectranthus scopulicolaMagnoliopsida1953TanzaniaCR(PE)
Cerro Pelón TreefrogPlectrohyla calvicollina Amphibian1984MexicoCR(PE)
Oaxaca TreefrogPlectrohyla celata Amphibian1984MexicoCR(PE)
Southern Sierra Madre TreefrogPlectrohyla cembraAmphibian1993MexicoCR(PE)
Blue-eyed Aquatic TreefrogPlectrohyla cyanomma Amphibian1980MexicoCR(PE)
Cerro Las Flores Spikethumb FrogPlectrohyla ephemeraAmphibian?MexicoCR(PE)
Hazel's TreefrogPlectrohyla hazelae Amphibian1984MexicoCR(PE)
Keel-snouted TreefrogPlectrohyla mykterAmphibian?MexicoEN
Voiceless TreefrogPlectrohyla siopela Amphibian?MexicoCR(PE)
Adler's Mottled TreefrogPlectrohyla thorectes Amphibian1984MexicoCR(PE)
Ainsworth's SalamanderPlethodon ainsworthiAmphibian1964United StatesEX
Black Clubshell, Curtus's MusselPleurobema curtum Bivalveabout 1990sUnited StatesCR(PE)
Valdieri Mountain GrasshopperPodisma eitschbergeriInsect1960sItalyDD
-Podocarpus perrieriPinopsida1951MadagascarCR(PE)
-Polygala quitensisMagnoliopsidabefore 1854EcuadorCR(PE)
-Polystachya acuminataLiliopsida1943TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Polystachya canaliculataLiliopsida1943-62TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Polystachya porphyrochilaLiliopsida1970-82TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Polystachya rugosilabiaLiliopsida1942TanzaniaCR(PE)
Ua Pou MonarchPomarea mira BirdPossibly 2010French PolynesiaCR(PE)
-Porites pukoensisCoral?United StatesCR
-Poropuntius chonglingchungiFish1980sChinaCR(PE)
-Potamonautes acristatusMalacostraca?The Democratic Republic of CongoDD
-Potamonautes adeleaeMalacostraca1954AngolaDD
-Potamonautes adentatusMalacostraca1955The Democratic Republic of CongoDD
-Potamonautes bipartitusMalacostraca1892UgandaDD
-Potamonautes dubiusMalacostraca1890Angola, NamibiaDD
-Potamonautes lueboensisMalacostraca1934The Democratic Republic of CongoDD
-Potamonautes punctatusMalacostraca1934The Democratic Republic of CongoDD
Lake Turkana CrabPotamonautes rodolphianusMalacostracaEarly 20th C KenyaDD
Rothchild's CrabPotamonautes rothschildiMalacostraca1909KenyaDD
Schubotz's CrabPotamonautes schubotzi Malacostraca1936The Democratic Republic of CongoDD
Senegal River CrabPotamonautes senegalensisMalacostraca1960SenegalDD
-Potamopyrgus acusGastropod1981New ZealandCR(PE)
-Prestonia schumannianaMagnoliopsida1892EcuadorCR(PE)
Graceful priapellaPriapella bonitaFish1990MexicoEX
Argelia Robber FrogPristimantis bernali Amphibian1981ColombiaCR(PE)
sandhills crayfishProcambarus angustatusMalacostraca1958United StatesEX
Big-cheeked Cave CrayfishProcambarus delicatus Malacostraca1976United StatesPE(CR)
-Procambarus paradoxusMalacostraca1900sMexicoPE(CR)
Seychelles Flightless GroundhopperProcytettix fusiformisInsect1909SeychellesCR
-Proplatycnemis longiventrisInsect1943MadagascarDD
-Prosadenoporus agricolaWorm1966BermudaCR(PE)
-Prostherapis dunniAmphibian?Venezuela, BoliviaCR(PE)
-Protosticta hearseyiInsect2005India, PakistanDD
New Zealand GraylingPrototroctes oxyrhynchusFish1930New ZealandEX
Grave's beach plumPrunus maritimaMagnoliopsida1986United StatesDD
Paradise Parrot (Australia)Psephotus pulcherrimusBird?AustraliaEX
Chinese paddlefishPsephurus gladiusFish2003ChinaCR (PE)
-Pseudagrion azureumInsect1930PhilippinesDD
-Pseudagrion evanidumInsect1931PhilippinesNE
Island knobbly woodlousePseudodiploexochus insularisMalacostraca1959St. HelenaNE
Lelup's knobbly woodlousePseudodiploexochus leleupiMalacostraca1967St. HelenaNE
Melliss' knobbly woodlousePseudodiploexochus mellissiMalacostraca1959St. HelenaNE
Imperial SalamanderPseudoeurycea ahuitzotlAmphibian1960sMexicoCR(PE)
Anita's False Brook SalamanderPseudoeurycea anitaeAmphibian?MexicoCR(PE)
Aquatic SalamanderPseudoeurycea aquatica Amphibian1978MexicoCR(PE)
Brown False Brook SalamanderPseudoeurycea brunnataAmphibian?Guatemala, MexicoCR
Cofre de Perote SalamanderPseudoeurycea naucampatepetiAmphibian1988MexicoCR
Admirable False Brook SalamanderPseudoeurycea praecellensAmphibian1955MexicoCR
Green-flecked SalamanderPseudoeurycea tlahcuilohAmphibian1960sMexicoCR(PE)
Claw-toothed SalamanderPseudoeurycea unguidentisAmphibian1976MexicoCR(PE)
-Pseudogibbula caraGastropod1920sThe Democratic Republic of CongoCR(PE)
Carábido de Doramas (fide Machado, A., & Morera, M. (Eds.). (2005). Nombres comunes de las plantas y los animales de Canarias. Islas Canarias: Academia Canaria de La Lengua.Pseudomyas doramasensisInsect1927SpainProbably extinct in Martín Esquivel, J. L., Fajardo González, S., Cabrera Pérez, M. Á., Arechavaleta Hernández, M., Aguiar Clavijo, A., Martín de Abreu, S., & Naranjo Morales, M. (2005). Evaluación 2004 de especies amenazadas de Canarias. Especies en peligro de extinción, sensibles a la alteración de su hábitat y vulnerables. Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Consejería de Medioi Ambiente y Ordenación Territorial, Gobierno de Canarias.
-Pseudophilautus adspersusAmphibian1886Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus dimbullaeAmphibian1886Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus eximiusAmphibian1933Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus extirpoAmphibian1882Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus halyiAmphibian1899Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus hypomelasAmphibian1876Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus leucorhinusAmphibian1856Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus maiaAmphibian1876Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus malcolmsmithiAmphibian1933Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus nanusAmphibian1869Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus nasutusAmphibian1869Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus oxyrhynchusAmphibian1872Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus pardusAmphibian1859Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus rugatusAmphibian1927Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus stellatusAmphibian1853Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus temporalisAmphibian1864Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus variabilisAmphibian1858?Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus zalAmphibian1947Sri LankaEX
-Pseudophilautus zimmeriAmphibian1927?Sri LankaEX
Tree fern ground beetlePseudophilochthus dicksoniaeInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Vanishing ground beetlePseudophilochthus evanescensInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Digger ground beetlePseudophilochthus fossorInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Shiny-backed ground beetlePseudophilochthus gemmulipennisInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Gray's ground beetlePseudophilochthus grayanusInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Brown-clouded ground beetlePseudophilochthus nubigenaInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Red-suffused ground beetlePseudophilochthus rufosuffususInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
West Lodge ground beetlePseudophilochthus sublimbatusInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Trechus-like ground beetlePseudophilochthus trechoidesInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Akstafa Spring RoachPseudophoxinus sojuchbulagi Fish1948AzerbaijanCR(PE)
Barada Spring MinnowPseudophoxinus syriacus Fish2008SyriaCR(PE)
Syr Darya SturgeonPseudoscaphirhynchus fedtschenkoiFish1960sKazakhstan, Tajikistan, UzbekistanCE
-Pseudoxyrhopus ankafinaensisReptile1881MadagascarCR(PE)
OuPsittirostra psittaceaBird1989United StatesCR(PE)
-Psychotria veilloniiMagnoliopsida1996New CaledoniaCR
Montane Monkey-faced BatPteralopex pulchraMammal1990Solomon IslandsCR(PE)
Jamaican PetrelPterodroma caribbaea Bird1979Bahamas, Dominica, Guadeloupe, JamaicaCR(PE)
Aru Flying FoxPteropus aruensis MammalPossibly 1992IndonesiaCR(PE)
Kyoto ninespine sticklebackPungitius kaibaraeFish1960sJapanNE
Deccan BarbPuntius deccanensis Fish?IndiaCR(PE)
-Pycnandra micranthaMagnoliopsida1865New CaledoniaEX
Sinu ParakeetPyrrhura subandina Bird1949ColombiaCR(PE)
Yangtze Giant Softshell TurtleRafetus swinhoeiReptile?ChinaCR
-Ramanella minorAmphibian1937IndiaDD
Jerdon's Narrow-mouthed FrogRamanella montanaAmphibian1854IndiaNT
-Ramblinus spinipalpisArachnid?PortugalNE
Collins' Poison FrogRanitomeya abditaAmphibian1976?EcuadorCR
Koadaikanal Bush FrogRaorchestes dublusAmphibian1872IndiaDD
Malabar Bubble-nest Frog, Yellow-bellied Bush FrogRaorchestes flaviventrisAmphibian1874IndiaDD
-Raorchestes jerdoniiAmphibian1872IndiaDD
Kemp's spadefoot frogRaorchestes kempiiAmphibian1912IndiaDD
Kobo bubble-nest frogRaorchestes microdiscusAmphibian1912IndiaDD
Kudra Kukh frogRaorchestes montanusAmphibian1876IndiaNA
Sahai bush frogRaorchestes sahaiAmphibian1988IndiaDD
Boring bush frogRaorchestes terebransAmphibian1983IndiaDD
Three-lobed Bush-cricketRhacocleis trilobata Insect1973GreeceCR(PE)
Carchi Andes ToadRhaebo colomai Amphibian?EcuadorCR(PE)
Papuan diving beetleRhantus papuanusInsect1919Papua New GuineaEX
Southern Gastric-brooding FrogRheobatrachus silusAmphibian1979AustraliaEX
Northern Gastric-brooding FrogRheobatrachus vitellinusAmphibian1985AustraliaEX
Mesopotamia Beaked ToadRhinella rostrataAmphibian1914ColombiaCR(PE)
-Rhinocypha hageniInsect1898PhilippinesEN
Northern Darwin's frogRhinoderma rufumAmphibian1978ChileCR(PE)
-Rhinotus albifronsDiplopod1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Rhipsalis mesembryanthemoidesMagnoliopsida?BrazilCR/possibly EW
Wellington's Solitary CoralRhizopsammia wellingtoni Coral2000EcuadorCR(PE)
Pez GrasoRhizosomichthys totae Fish1958ColombiaCR(PE)
-Rhode testudineaArachnid?ItalyNE
Pink-headed DuckRhodonessa caryophyllaceaBird1949Bangladesh, India, MyanmarCE
Castle Lake caddisflyRhyacophila amabilisInsect United StatesEX
Seram Long-nosed Bandicoot Rhynchomeles prattorumMammal?IndonesiaEN
-Rhynchosia ledermanniiMagnoliopsida1908CameroonCR(PE)
-Romulea melitensisLiliopsida?ItalyNE
-Samoana cramptoniGastropod1933TongaCR(PE)
-Sardohoratia sulcataGastropod1995ItalyCR(PE)
Kalalau schiedeaSchiedea attenuataMagnoliopsida1994United StatesCR(PEW)
Painted-wing concealer mothSchiffermuelleria pictipennisInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Splendid concealer mothSchiffermuelleria splendidulaInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
-Schistura nasifilisFish1936Viet NamCR(PE)
-Schistura tenuraFish1998LaosCR(PE)
-Schizolaena capuroniiSarcolaenaceae1954MadagascarNE
-Sciaena callaensisFish1966PeruCR(PE)
Sulawesi WoodcockScolopax celebensisBird2001IndonesiaNT
Javan WoodcockScolopax saturataBird1983IndonesiaNT
Piebald Alpine ToadScutiger maculatus Amphibian1978ChinaCR(PE)
-Selenops sumitraeArachnid?IndiaNE
-Senecio navugabensisMagnoliopsida1935UgandaCR(PE)
-Seychellia lodoiceaeArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Shorea disparMagnoliopsida?MalaysiaCR(PE)
Cliff-face catchflySilene perlmaniiMagnoliopsida1997United StatesCR(PEW)
Compass-plantSilphium laciniatumMagnoliopsida?United States, CanadaNE
-Sinodina acutipodaMalacostraca?ChinaPE(CR)
-Siphocampylus loxensisMagnoliopsida?EcuadorCR(PE)
Jamaican PauraqueSiphonorhis americana Bird1860JamaicaCR(PE)
-Sitalcicus incertusArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Sliferia similisInsect1908SeychellesCR(PE)
Redchin panchaxSoapitia dagetiGastropodBefore 1961GuineaCR(PE)
-Solanum semicoalitumMagnoliopsida1864EcuadorCR(PE)
-Solomonargiolestes malaitaInsect1957Solomon IslandsDD
Stocky PebblesnailSomatogyrus crassus Gastropod?United StatesCR(PE)
Tennessee PebblesnailSomatogyrus currierianusGastropod?United StatesCR(PE)
Fluted PebblesnailSomatogyrus hendersoniGastropod?United StatesCR(PE)
Atlas PebblesnailSomatogyrus humerosusGastropod?United StatesCR(PE)
Dwarf PebblesnailSomatogyrus nanusGastropod?United StatesCR(PE)
-Spatoglossum schmittiiProtist1978EcuadorCR(PE)
-Spiralix corsicaGastropod1990sFranceCR(PE)
-Spirobolellus simplexDiplopod1951SeychellesCR(PE)
Greater Saint Croix SkinkSpondylurus magnacruzae Reptile2000U.S. Virgin IslandsCR(PE)
Monito SkinkSpondylurus monitae Reptile1993Puerto RicoCR(PE)
Greater Virgin Islands SkinkSpondylurus spilonotus Reptile1877U.S. Virgin IslandsCR(PE)
Hooded SeedeaterSporophila melanops Bird1823BrazilCR(PE)
Western Arctic StagnicolaStagnicola kennicottiGastropod?CanadaNE
Thickshell PondsnailStagnicola utahensis Gastropod1934United StatesCR(PE)
-Steatoda distinctaArachnid1859PortugalNE
Haensch's Whorltail IguanaStenocercus haenschi Reptile1901EcuadorCR(PE)
Mahale JewelStenocypha hastaInsect1970TanzaniaVU
Twocleft stenogyneStenogyne bifidaMagnoliopsida2014United StatesCR(PEW)
Kalalau Valley stenogyneStenogyne campanulataMagnoliopsida2006United StatesCR(PEW)
Oahu stenogyneStenogyne kanehoanaMagnoliopsida2013United StatesCR(PEW)
-Stereospermum zenkeriMagnoliopsida1950CameroonCR(PE)
-Steriphoma urbaniMagnoliopsida1980sEcuadorCR(PE)
-Steriphopus lacertosusArachnid1892SeychellesCR(PE)
-Stiphodon discotorquatusFish1985French PolynesiaCR(PE)
St Helenian wavy-lined leafhopperStonasla undulataInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
-Strengeriana antioquensisMalacostraca?ColombiaPE(CR)
-Succinea rotumanaGastropod1938FijiCR(PE)
-Sudanonautes orthostylisMalacostraca1898CameroonDD
Visayan Warty PigSus cebifronsMammal2008PhilippinesCR
-Sylvichadsia macrophyllaFabaceae1927MadagascarNE
Omilteme cottontailSylvilagus insonusMammalEarly 1900sMexicoEN
St Helena darterSympetrum dilatatumInsect1963Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da CunhaDD
-Systomus compressiformisFish1994MyanmarCR(PE)
Cahen's ground beetleTachys caheniInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Crested ShelduckTadorna cristataBird1964Korea, RussiaCE
-Tanousia zrmanjaeGastropod?CroatiaCR(PE)
Tubercular darkling beetleTarphiophasis tuberculatusInsect1876Saint HelenaNE
Wollaston's darkling beetleTarphiophasis wollastoniInsect1967Saint HelenaNE
Sharp-snouted Day FrogTaudactylus acutirostrisAmphibian1997AustraliaCR
-Tehuana veracruzanaMalacostraca?MexicoPE(CR)
-Teinobasis chionopleuraInsect1965Solomon IslandsDD
-Teinobasis imitansInsect1965Solomon IslandsDD
-Teinobasis obtusilinguaInsect1965Solomon IslandsDD
-Teinobasis simulansInsect1965Solomon IslandsDD
Loja Water FrogTelmatobius cirrhacelisAmphibian1981Peru, BoliviaCR(PE)
Black Water FrogTelmatobius niger Amphibian1994EcuadorCR(PE)
Arico Water FrogTelmatobius pefauri Amphibian1976ChileCR(PE)
Vellard's Water FrogTelmatobius vellardi Amphibian1987EcuadorCR(PE)
Shortridge's rat Thallomys shortridgeiMammal1932South AfricaDD
-Theganopteryx griseaInsect1909SeychellesCR(PE)
-Theganopteryx liturataInsect1908SeychellesCR(PE)
-Theganopteryx scottiInsect1908SeychellesCR(PE)
ssam Indonesian Treefrog, Eerie Tree Frog, Black-spotted Frog, Xizang Warty TreefrogTheloderma molochAmphibian1912IndiaVU
Northwestern thelypodyThelypodium paniculatumMagnoliopsida?United StatesNE
Peringuey's Seedpod ShieldbackThoracistus peringueyi Insect1879South AfricaCR(PE)
Atoyac Minute SalamanderThorius infernalisAmphibian1980sMexicoCR(PE)
McDiarmid ThoriusThorius munificusAmphibian1997MexicoCR(PE)
San Martin Pigmy SalamanderThorius narismagnusAmphibian1980sMexicoCR
Thylacine (Tasmanian Tiger)Thylacinus cynocephalusMammal?Australia, Papua New GuineaEX
-Tournefortia obtusifloraMagnoliopsida19th centuryEcuadorCR(PE)
Silver-backed ChevrotainTragulus versicolorMammal1990Viet NamDD
-Trechus torretassoiInsect1985AzoresUnder Evaluation - Possibly extinct
-Triaspis schliebeniiMagnoliopsida1935TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Tridactyle sarcodanthaLiliopsida1933TanzaniaCR(PE)
Viquez's Tropical Ground SnakeTrimetopon viquezi Reptile1927Costa RicaCR(PE)
Chapin's Chameleon, Gray Chameleon, Caméléon de ChapinTrioceros chapiniReptile1930-31The Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Gabon, CongoLC
Mount Kineti ChameleonTrioceros kinetensisReptile1943South SudanDD
Cuban Khaki TropeTropidophis hendersoniReptile2002CubaCR
Brune's Spring SnailTryonia brunei Gastropod1993United StatesCR(PE)
New Caledonian ButtonquailTurnix novaecaledoniae Bird1911New CaledoniaCR(PE)
hengalam CaecilianUraeotyphlus interruptusAmphibian1992IndiaDD
Malabar Caecilian, Nilgiris Caecilian, White-lipped CaecilianUraeotyphlus malabaricusAmphibian1870IndiaDD
Kerala CaecilianUraeotyphlus menoniAmphibian1913IndiaDD
Oommen's CaecilianUraeotyphlus oommeniAmphibian1987IndiaDD
Sloane's urania (moth)Urania sloanusInsect2000?JamaicaNE
Java StingareeUrolophus javanicus Fishmid-19th centuryIndonesiaCR(PE)
Sardinian Saddle Bush-cricketUromenus annaeInsect1881ItalyDD
Riggio's Saddle Bush-cricketUromenus riggioiInsect1970ItalyCR
Emma's giant rat Uromys emmaeMammal1946IndonesiaCR(PE)
Emperor rat Uromys imperatorMammal1887Solomon IslandsCR(PE)
Guadalcanal ratUromys porculusMammal1888Solomon IslandsCR(PE)
-Uvaria deciduaMagnoliopsida1935TanzaniaCR(PE)
-Vallonia terraenovaeGastropod1972CanadaNE
-Valvatorbis mauritiiGastropod?The Democratic Republic of CongoCR(PE)
Zug's MonitorVaranus zugorumReptile1980IndonesiaNE
-Vatica xishuangbannaensisAngiosperm?ChinaCR(PE)
Bachman's WarblerVermivora bachmanii Bird1988Cuba, United StatesCR(PE)
-Viburnum divaricatumMagnoliopsidabefore 1844EcuadorCR(PE)
-Vicia singarensisDicotyledonae?IraqNE
Malabar CivetViverra civettina Mammal1989Western GhatsCR(PE)
-Voraptus tenellusArachnid1972SeychellesCR(PE)
-Wahnesia saltatorInsect1953 NE
Poso bunguWeberogobius amadiFish1987SulawesiCR
-Xenephias socotranusInsect1967YemenNE
Lake Victoria Deepwater CatfishXenoclarias eupogon Fish1997KenyaCR(PE)
-Xylosma pininsulareMagnoliopsida1971New CaledoniaCR
-Xylosma serrataMagnoliopsida2015MontserratCR(PE)
-Xyronotus cohniInsect1961MexicoNE
-Xyronotus hubbelliInsect1961MexicoNE
-Zaumia sanctizaumiGastropod?MacedoniaCR(PE)
-Zealoctenus cardronaensisArachnid1969New ZealandNE
Flightless Scaly-tailed SquirrelZenkerella insignisMammalNever seen in the wildCameroon, Liberia, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African RepublicLC
-Zingis radiolataGastropod?KenyaCR(PE)
StreamertailZygonychidium gracileInsect1969Cote d'IvoireCR