scientific name: Varanus zugorum
Last seen: 1980 in Indonesia
Years lost: 37
With the exception of one or two specimens imported for the pet trade, Zugs’ Monitor is completely unknown. It is rarely—if ever—seen by locals, and scientists know nothing about its ecology or natural history. It comes from Halmahera Island in the Moluccas of East Indonesia, where the number of new Varanus species discovered has increased significantly in recent years. The rainforests of Halmahera Island are a biodiversity hotspot and home to several endemic species.